Benign Bone Tumors

Most bone tumors are benign, not malignant, and they can develop in any bone without the likelihood of spreading to somewhere else in the body. Most bone tumors develop in the bigger bones, such as the upper arm (humerus), thighbone (femur), pelvis, and shinbone (tibia) with only a few originating in other sites, such as the spine.

Benign bone tumors are greatly influenced by hormones, which stimulate growth. So for that reason, the majority of bone tumors develop in children and adolescents under 20 years old. Many benign tumors stop growing when bones stop growing in length, which is ages 14 to 16 in girls and 16 to 19 in boys.

Dr. Allison has extensive experience in the treatment of musculoskeletal structures, which makes him exceptionally qualified in developing appropriate treatment plans for benign growths. As an orthopedic oncologist, Dr. Allison has the in-depth knowledge and experience required for recommending the best solutions for benign tumor cases. Should you or a loved one be diagnosed with a bone tumor, get in touch with Dr. Allison in Los Angeles today by calling (310) 730-8008.

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Benign Tumor Types

Benign bone tumors form near the ends of long bones where there is active growth. While they never metastasize, they might recur in the same area where they were removed. Benign bone tumors occur most often in children because they are still growing and bone growths are affected by growth hormones. Once children reach a certain age and stop growing, the tumors typically stop developing too.

There are numerous types, but only a few are the most common, including:

  • Osteochondroma – The most common benign bone tumor and likely to develop in individuals younger than 20. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons reports this type accounts for approximately 35 to 40 percent of all benign bone tumors.
  • Giant Cell Tumor– Typically develops in the leg.
  • Osteoid Osteoma– Develops in the long bones and commonly diagnosed in adolescents.
  • Osteoblastoma– Originates in the spine and long bones predominantly in young adults. Characteristics of being large, aggressive and painful.
  • Enchondroma– Often develops in the bones of the hand and feet without manifesting any symptoms. Most hand growths are enchondromas.
  • Non-Ossifying Fibroma Unicameral – Solitary bone cyst that develops in the leg usually affecting children and adolescents.

Bone tumors diagnosed as benign won’t spread to other parts of the body nor become malignant, but it is best to treat them. The tumor will likely grow and conceivably place pressure on healthy bone tissue, leading to a more serious condition. An orthopedic surgeon like Dr. Allison, with expertise in musculoskeletal systems, would recommend examining the tumor to confirm whether it is harming surrounding bone or tissue. In cases where the tumor is causing damage, Dr. Allison might recommend removing the tumor with surgery.

Learn more about benign bone tumors from WebMD.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

A lump or swelling can be the first sign of a benign tumor with ongoing or increasing aching or pain in the region of the tumor. Sometimes, these growths are found only after a weakened bone is fractured by a growing tumor.

The most common symptom is a dull ache in the affected bone, which gradually changes from an occasional discomfort to a severe and constant pain. It’s best to consult an orthopedic oncologist like Dr. Allison when symptoms are less severe and before prolonged pain actually sets in.

Treatment Approach

The type of tumor, its location, size and growth as well as the age and health of the patient all affect treatment decisions. Most benign tumors respond very well to surgical removal with less than a 5% likelihood of recurrence.

Some tumors stop growing when a young patient is near maturity. Others are discovered at the time of a fracture or through chance. At the time of diagnosis, it is critical to confirm whether the tumor is benign or malignant and treat it appropriately.

Dr. Allison is an expert in the techniques most suited for removing benign tumors. He ensures there is minimal trauma to surrounding normal tissues through minimally invasive techniques and performs the most advanced bone grafting methods to ensure regeneration of new healthy bone. Dr. Allison provides his patients with the best possible outcome enabling them to return to full mobility.

Contact the Orthopedic Trauma Specialist

Dr. Daniel C. Allison offers the expertise of an orthopedic oncologist and is uniquely qualified to treat musculoskeletal structures affected by benign or malignant tumors. Dr. Allison is renowned for leading limb preservation multi-disciplinary teams in integrated treatment plans unique to each patient. Call today to schedule a personal consultation at (310) 730-8008 or fill out the online contact form to connect to a Los Angeles orthopedic specialist.

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Next, please read about malignant bone tumors.

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